Basil (Sweet) ct. linalool
Plant Origin: Egypt
Method: Steam distilled from leaves, stems and flowers
Cultivation: Unsprayed (grown organically but not certified)
Chemical Family: Monoterpenol
Aroma: Fresh, sweet, spicy with slight balsamic-woody undertone
Key Constituents from GC/MS Analysis: Lot# BAS-102
1.8 - cineole 8.44%
germacrene D 2.48%
Pregnancy/Lactation? No known hazards or contraindications.
Basil is a powerful antispasmodic, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and a muscle relaxant (especially when blended with Lavender). It has been used for centuries for throat, lung, respiratory (bronchitis and whooping cough) and ear infections. It is also a good remedy for insect/spider bites and helps fight mental fatigue and may ease migraines. Basil is recommended for delayed menstruation, scanty periods and abdominal cramps.
Kurt Schnaubelt notes that Basil may help restore taste and regain appetite (inhaled or using a drop daily).
Analgesic - gout, migraine, rheumatoid arthritis
Antibacterial - coliform cystitis
Antiemetic - reduces incidence and severity of nausea, vomiting
Anti-inflammatory - rheumatoid arthritis, gout, wasp stings
Antiseptic - helps fight germs and infections (intestinal, gastritis, urinary, pulmonary)
Antispasmodic - relieves spasms and muscle cramps
Cardiotonic - arrhythmia, arteriosclerosis, tachycardia
Decongestant - of veins and pulmonary arteries, prostate
Digestive - stimulates digestive secretions, ulcers, flatulence, sluggish digestion
Expectorant - helps clear excess mucus from respiratory system
Insecticidal - against mosquitoes and house flies
Nervous System - anxiety, epilepsy, insomnia, nervousness, travel sickness, vertigo
Neurotonic - debility, mental strain, convalescence, depression
Reproductive - uterine and prostate congestion
Skin - dry eczema
Stimulant - brain and memory stimulant, soothes stress and depression
Application Suggestions (See Essential Oil Usage for more information and a dilution chart)
Topical: Dilute with a carrier oil and apply 2-4 drops on location, temples, neck and so on as desired. Tisserand recommends a dermal maximum of 3.3% based on 15.2% eugenol content with a dermal limit of 0.5% (see actual eugenol in batch to determine precise limit).
Internal: Basil ct. linalool is suitable for internal use within safe parameters if such use is deemed appropriate. We feel that internal use is rarely *needed* and should only be used with respect for how concentrated the oils are. HEO does not advocate internal use of essential oils without appropriate knowledge and understanding of how to administer, for what purpose, how much, which essential oils, safety concerns and so on. In our experience, essential oils are generally more effective used topically with proper dilution or inhaled. Kurt Schnaubelt Ph.D. notes that "French aromatherapy literature contains many references to using oils orally." He goes on to note that "generally 1 drop is always enough when ingesting essential oils." A potential toxicity hazard could occur when untrained people use essential oils orally and ingest too much. Keep in mind that while medical doctors or health care practitioners may prescribe essential oils for internal use, they are trained and experienced in the safe application of essential oils. It is not a matter of using "French aromatherapy" or "British" methods, it's a matter of experience and appropriate application. Click here for more information about internal usage.
Caution: Davis notes to avoid Basil during pregnancy because it is described as an 'emmenagogue,' i.e. it induces menstrual flow. She apparently does not refer to Basil ct. linalool, as Tisserand/Young notes that the maximum daily oral dose in pregnancy of Lemon Basil is 99mg, but he offers no safety concern for Basil ct. linalool during pregnancy (page 205).
Essential Oils May Cure Ear Infections
Journal of Infectious Diseases, June 2005
Applying certain essential oils to the ear canal appears to be an effective treatment for ear infections.
If toxicity studies confirm the safety of (antibacterial) essential oil components for use in the ear, then a significant advance can be made in the treatment of ear infections. The vapours that are released by essential oils, such as oil of basil, have been shown to have rapid bacteria-killing effects. Topical therapy for ear infections is usually not recommended because most drugs are in a liquid form that cannot penetrate the eardrum to reach the infected middle ear. However, the vapours from essential oils may be able to diffuse through the eardrum and destroy the microbes present.
To investigate, researchers from the Landspitali University Hospital in Reykjavik, Iceland, tested oil of basil, various essential oil components, and inactive placebo on rats with experimental ear infections. It was found that treatment with the oils cured up to 81 percent of the animals. With the placebo, by contrast, cure rates did not exceed 6 percent.
The team noted that, based on their properties, essential oils may be able to destroy a variety of bacteria that can cause ear infections. They also pointed out that essential oils are generally considered to be safe.
Article PDF: The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Effective Treatment of Experimental Acute Otitis Media
1. I have used Basil for out-of-control stress (e.g. racing, angry thoughts). Basil helps get rid of the excess cortisol, and that's what I needed at the time. It was a life-saver, helping me to get my mind under control. - Teresa
Hopewell Essential Oil blends with Basil
Tisserand recommends a dermal maximum of 3.3% based on 15.2% eugenol content with a dermal limit of 0.5% (see actual eugenol in batch to determine precise limit).
Tisserand: "Since this essential oil is antimutagenic, nongenotoxic, antioxidant and induces glutathione, it is likely that constituents such as linalool and eugenol counteract the potential carcinogenic action of estragole and methyleugenol. Therefore, no restrictions are required, in our opinion, with regard to carcinogenesis (page 206)."
Avoid contact with the eyes and other sensitive areas. Essential oils are both lipophilic and hydrophobic. Lipophilic means they are attracted to fat— like the membranes of your eyes and skin. They are also hydrophobic, meaning they do not like water. Flushing with water will only send the essential oil back to the eye's membranes. Applying a carrier oil will create another fat for the essential oil to be attracted to other than the membranes of the eyes or skin. Tisserand suggests: "With essential oils, fatty oil has been suggested as an appropriate first aid treatment, though the advantage of saline [eyewash] is that the eyes can be continually flushed, and this is less easy with fatty oil." We’ve not known this to cause permanent injury or long-term discomfort, but if you feel concerned, please call your health care provider.
Battaglia, Salvatore, The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy, 2002, pages 165-166.
Davis P., Aromatherapy An A-Z, C.W. Daniel Company Ltd, 2000.
Shirley and Len Price, Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, Third Edition, Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2008.
Schnaubelt, Kurt, Medical Aromatherapy, 1999, page 133.
Tisserand, Robert, Essential Oil Safety, 2nd Edition 2014, page 205-206.