Synonym: Syzygium aromaticum
Plant Origin: Madagascar
Method: Steam distilled from the bud
Cultivation: Unsprayed (grown organically but not certified)
Chemical Family: Phenolic ether
Aroma: Spicy, sweet, warm
Note (Evaporation Rate): Base-Middle
Key Constituents from GC/MS Analysis: #CLB-107
Eugenyl acetate 8.11%
Humulene <alpha> 2.09%
Children? Skin irritation risk; use with caution on children under 2 years of age.
Pregnancy/Breastfeeding? Tisserand/Young don't mention a contraindication. May inhibit blood clotting - use with discretion.
Medication/Health Condition? Contraindicated Orally: Anticoagulant, MAOIs or SSRIs, Pethidine (Demerol pain medication); Childbirth (one week before and after), Liver and Kidney disease (all routes), Major Surgery (one week before and after), Peptic Ulcer, Hemophilia
Therapeutic Uses Clove Bud essentail oil may support, aid, ease, soothe, reduce, calm, relax, promote and/or maintain healthy function of the following:
Blood thinning (hemostatic)
Colitis (per Jean Valnet, MD)
Digestion (abdominal spasms, amoebic dysentery, gas, nausea, gas, stomach cramps, vomiting)
Hepatitis (per Jean Valnet, MD)
Infections (bacterial and fungal)
Lymphoma (per Jean Valnet, MD)
Nerve pain (neuralgia)
Stress and tension
Research and Aromatherapy Literature Notes
Compounds from Clove may inhibit growth of oral pathogens Streptococcus mutans, Actinomyces visocosus, Potphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia. View Abstract.
Wang et al. (1998) reported that eugenol in essential oils [Clove] improved immune ability by increasing synthesis of IgG in body and synthesis of IgA in saliva. However, the effects of essential oils have not yet been rigorously evaluated.
Clove essential oil increased the total white blood cell (WBC) count (PubMed article)
Cinnamon and Clove essential oils showed strong inhibition of bacteria when tested for the possibility of creating a protective atmosphere by using natural compounds that could extend the shelf life of packaged foodstuffs. The oils were tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Yersinia enterocolitica, Salmonella choleraesuis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. [View abstract]
Kurt Schnaubelt writes in reference to reading or hearing "dire warnings about the use of Cinnamon and Clove oil, that the 'Never to be used' phrase attached to these two essential oils" is "resoundingly ignored by those who really used essential oils. The antibacterial effects of Cinnamon Bark oil make it one of the best options when a person encounters violent bacterial infections of the intestinal tract, especially while traveling in unfamiliar territory! The choice is between being pointlessly scared by the defensive writing of an author who probably had never been in a comparable situation or effectively ending the debilitating condition with a few drops of Cinnamon oil."
The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils, page 73.
Dr. Kurt Schnaubelt holds a Ph.D. in chemistry and is the founder and scientific director of the Pacific Institute of Aromatherapy. In his book, Medical Aromatherapy: Healing with Essential Oils, he writes that Clove and Cinnamon are "Strong allergenic agents" and that Cinnamon Bark, Cinnamon Leaf, Cassia, Clove Bud and Clove Stem "provoke skin sensitization in approximately 5% of the population when applied topically. These oils are preferably used internally, which is less problematic."
"Today, eugenol, the main constituent of clove oil, and cinnamic aldehyde, the main constituent of cinnamon bark oil, are among the most thoroughly researched components of essential oils. Within modern times, the move toward commercialization has made these two oils almost outcasts in the litmus test of aromatherapy. This may also be a reflection of the predominant use of aromatherapy for massage in Great Britain and the limited usefulness of these oils for topical applications, because they do pose hazards such as dermatitis reactions to those with sensitive skin. Nonetheless, their ability to restore equilibrium to the intestinal flora, to act against pathogens, and to be metabolized by the good bacteria makes them indispensable agents in maintaining balance during an illness. Another reason that these oils are so highly contested may rest in their extreme effectiveness. In casual aromatherapy, it is customary to always use at least a drop or two. Doing so with cinnamon or clove results in too high a concentration. A more accurate evaluation of the qualities of these two oils is given by Dr. Deininger, of Cologne, Germany, who put it this way: “If people in the world knew about all the beneficial properties of cinnamon it would not be available anymore, it would be soaked up from the market in no time.”
"Aromatherapy approach: for the self-medicating individual, determination of the pathogen is often not possible. Cinnamon bark oil can be used alone or in conjunction with oregano oil to take aim at an extremely broad range of pathogenic bacteria. It is well tolerated internally. For bacterial intestinal infections, which can often be identified by their quick and violent onset, oils that often are treacherous to use on the skin such as cinnamon bark and clove are very useful. Their internal application is usually safe and effective, provided they are used in the appropriately small dosage of one drop per application. The best way to ingest these oils is to dilute one drop of the oil into one tablespoon of edible oil (hazelnut or olive) and ingest that mixture in a gelatin capsule."
Schnaubelt writes in The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils: The Science of Advanced Aromatherapy (p. 79) that "It appears that the potential of Clove bud, stem, and leaf as well as Cinnamon bark and leaf oil to create these undesirable effects arises when they come in contact with the skin. However, ingesting a drop of Cinnamon Bark essential oil absorbed on a sugar cube or a similar adsorbent is typically tolerated well by almost everyone. Taking a drop of Cinnamon Bark essential oil in this fashion can be a life safer if you are suffering from tropical infections. Clove essential oil is so powerful that it is treated with utmost respect by everyone who chooses to work with it. If integrated into blends intended for ingestion, 1% of Clove is effective and should probably be an upper limit."
Purchon/Cantele note that "Clove oil as the power to increase energy and quicken the function of the glands. It is often included in chest massage belnds to relieve asthma and bronchitis.
(See Essential Oil Usage
for more information and a dilution chart
Dilute with a carrier oil
, unscented lotion
or unscented cream
and apply on area of concern or as desired. Consider using a roll-on applicator
for ease of application of prediluted oil. To avoid skin irritation, the maximum topical use level is 0.5% (based on 96.9% eugenol content), which is 1 drop in 7 mLs of carrier. Due to high skin irritation/sensitization risk, avoid using on children under 2 years of age.
or use a personal Nasal Inhaler
Clove is suitable for internal use within safe parameters if such use is deemed appropriate. Due to the potential skin irritating properties of Clove Bud, the preferred mode of use is internally, ideally taken by capsule diluted with a suitable carrier oil (Dr. Kurt Schnaubelt). We feel that internal use is rarely *needed* and should only be used with respect for how concentrated the oils are. HEO does not advocate internal use of essential oils without appropriate knowledge and understanding of how to administer, for what purpose, how much, which essential oils, safety concerns and so on. In our experience, essential oils are generally more effective used topically with proper dilution or inhaled. Kurt Schnaubelt Ph.D. notes that "French aromatherapy literature contains many references to using oils orally." He goes on to note that "generally 1 drop is always enough when ingesting essential oils." Consider a drop in raw honey or via capsule with a carrier. A potential toxicity hazard could occur when untrained people use essential oils orally and ingest too much. Keep in mind that while medical doctors or health care practitioners may prescribe essential oils for internal use, they are trained and experienced in the safe application of essential oils. It is not a matter of using "French aromatherapy" or "British" methods, it's a matter of experience and appropriate application.
Anticoagulant medication, major surgery, peptic ulcer, hemophilia and other bleeding disorders (Tisserand/Young p. 255).
Click here for information about internal usage
The following anecdotal testimonies have not been reviewed by the FDA.
The products mentioned are not intended to diagnose, prevent, treat or cure disease.
Information shared on the HEO website is not intended to be a substitute for medical advice given by your trusted health care provider.
We believe that essential oils are provided by the Lord to support our health and well-being.
The Lord is our wisdom, protector and healer.
(Genesis 1:29-30, Ezekiel 47:12)
1. I have used the Hopewell Clove Oil to get rid of warts
on my fingers. I had a wart on my middle finger for over two years. When I got the clove oil, I put some on my wart and it disappeared in less than two days--not a trace of it was there! — Courtney
2. My daughter became very sick one evening and her fever shot up to 105°
. I filled a gel capsule with about 10 drops of Clove oil and had her drink it down with a glass of water. Her temperature dropped down to 102° in less than 1/2 hour. I gave her another capsule with about 5 drops of Clove, and in 1/2 hour her fever was totally gone, and she felt like a new person. — Sally [HEO's comment: We don't have studies to help us know the long-term effect of oral use of Clove as Sally described, but typically oral use is done under the supervision of a health care professional, and as a diluted drop or two. Please read the “Internal” application suggestions information above.]
3. The wart
on my hand is almost gone thanks to Clove oil. I gave some to my instructor because her dog had what she called a "tumor" on the top of its head (I think it was probably a papilloma). She said that in one week, about half of it has dried up and scabbed over, and she just peeled off the scab! That Clove oil is wonderful!
4. My father-in-law was visiting this summer and had a terrible toothache
. I had just put in my first order with you and had a sample of the Clove oil coming. When I got it, I tried it for myself to see how potent it was. I was shocked at just how very little went such a long way. I have other clove oils and none of them have the potency of yours. I gave it to my FIL straight away and he found instant relief. - Lisa
5. I had some sort of wart
thing growing on my forehead and have tried numerous things for months to get it off, including an emory board at one point! I tried Clove essential oil and a little MRSA-X twice daily and it was gone and smooth within days! Thank you for your services and products! - Bev W.
6. I have used a blend of 9 parts Myrrh essential oil and 1 part Clove bud oil applied directly to the aching tooth
with much relief. - Marge
7. I have used Clove oil neat for a toothache
and it worked. Another thing I do as part of my daily dental hygiene is use an Olive Oil and Clove essential oil combo. Combine 15 drops of Clove Oil with 1 oz of Olive Oil. After brushing I place 1 or two drops of the mixture on a Q-tip and massage my gum. A bottle of the mixture lasts a while. The routine is 3 weeks on 1 week off. This has really help with keeping my gums healthy
8. I was trying to help my 3 year old with an earache
yesterday, and after trying several things with no relief, I ended up putting a 5% clove dilution in his ear (recommended in an herb book I own, though I diluted it quite a bit more than recommended), and that helped with the pain in just a couple of minutes. He said that his ear made funny noises after I put the diluted Clove oil in, but it didn't seem to cause any harm or further pain, and the earache was completely gone a few hours later. This wouldn't necessarily be my first choice for treatment, but it was probably safer than Tylenol, and I was at the point of resorting to Tylenol for the pain. - Valerie
[HEO's comment: Essential oils are very concentrated, and if a mother put undiluted
oil into the ear, she might possibly bring harm that would be hard to deal with (unlike a topical application that can be addressed easily). While it's possible that a very diluted oil may help, you will find that traditional aromatherapy does not recommend dropping essential oils into the ear.]
9. We have an 8-year-old child with special needs that has to have blood drawn
frequently to monitor his medication. I apply Clove oil diluted with coconut oil on the stick site first to numb the area, then I apply Strength
to "pop" the vein
. He sits very still and doesn't seem to feel a bit of pain with the stick, and they always get it right the first time when we do this. They usually have to draw multiple tubes, and in the past his vein would collapse, but when we apply the oils, they never collapse! - Ricci
10. Clove was my first oil to ever use. I had a throbbing, extremely painful thumb joint
on my non-dominant hand. I put one drop of Clove oil on it, since that was all I had except Oregano, (both of which I had bought from my biological dentist in Bullard, TX) and IMMEDIATELY the pain went away. The thumb was so painful that it was even frozen. I couldn’t “unlock it” until the Clove oil. I have not had that pain again since then. I have a tiny pain every now and then, and I use PainX or whatever I am using on the other parts of my body to keep the pain down in the thumb. Ever since then, I have been “experimenting” on other people as well as our own family! Everyone is so impressed that something natural—not a drug— can help our physical and medical problems! - Margaret
11. A friend had a terrible car accident that caused teeth problems that showed up months later. He had to have some wisdom teeth pulled and some other work, and his mouth was in a lot of pain. He had dry sockets and went once to have them packed, and then I gave him some Clove oil mixed 50-50 with Avocado oil. (I used avocado because he was putting it in his mouth), and he applied it to the sockets and his sore mouth, and it worked so well he never went back for any re-packing. - Margo
12. I just wanted you to know that your Clove and Tea Tree oils really helped our family. You see, we bought a home that (unbeknownst to us) was a former Meth lab, and living there gave us full body rashes, so bad we could hardly sleep. We tried everything, even your rash spray. But nothing natural was strong enough to give us relief. Until, that is, we tried Clove and Tea Tree in Coconut oil. At last! We have been able to sleep. P.S. As soon as we found out about the Meth, we left the house and have been slowly improving. Praise God! - Katelyn
13. An abscessed tooth can get out of hand, so if you decide to treat with natural methods, you'll want to weigh the risk and perferably consult your dentist to monitor your progress. I healed mine by packing the area with slippery elm, supporting my immune system with lots of raw garlic and essential oils (immune supportive oils and oil pulling with virgin coconut oil with CLOVE essential oil) and homeopathy (hepar sulph initially then silica). My dentist is very open and agreeable to natural methods and monitored my progress. The oil pulling helped with the pain. - Amber
14. I used Clove oil taken internally (before I knew about Hopewell, oils) for biofilm in my blood. I took up to 13 drops a couple of times daily for about eight months, too long, as I now know. The doctor who told me to take it this way didn't ever tell me how long to take it. I only found out later after moving on from that doctor that Clove can be hepatoxic. When I first started, I could only take a couple of drops, because the herxing knocked me down flat (and I was already partly bedridden). Later, I had another blood draw and my blood was freely flowing and bright red again! It had been dark and kind of sluggish for a while, and I didn't realize that there was a problem when I didn't bleed as much as other people when I got cut and scraped. - Savannah
15. I am an EMT and have gone back to school for nursing. In my microbiology class I got to experiment with essential oils for their germ killing qualities. I rubbed my hands on the floor to make sure they are good and nasty, touched them to petrie dish, then washed each finger with a different oil and touched that to the other side of dish. (I did this more than once).
Colloidal silver killed about half.
Cleansing oil, not so much - killed some.
Tea Tree did pretty well - only 2 colonies.
Clove, Plague Defense, Top Gun and Warrior killed EVERYTHING. Pristine dish - like I didn't do experiment. That was COOL. There are still so many in medical community that DON'T believe in the oils, but I do and I'm looking forward to putting them into practice however I can as a nurse. I read the comments from the nurse about Strength and Clove for stick sites, and I'm looking forward to practicing with those. - Margo
Hopwell Essential Oil blends with Clove
Drug interaction Caution (oral): anticoagulant medication, major surgery, peptic ulcer, hemophilia and other bleeding disorders (Tisserand/Young p. 255).
Tisserand notes that "since eugenol significantly inhibits human MAO-A (Tao et al 2005), oral doses of eugenol-rich essential oils may interact with pethidine, indirect sympathomimetics, MAOIs or SSRIs."
Dermal Caution: Hypersensitive, diseased or damaged skin, children under 2 years of age. Maximum dermal level: 0.5% (based on 96.9% eugenol content), which is 1 drop in 7 mLs of carrier (Tisserand/Young).
Repeated use can result in contact sensitization. Skin test for sensitivity.
From Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand, page 254-256:
"There are three reports of non-fatal oral poisoning from clove oil, all in children. In 1991 a 7-month-old child was given one teaspoon of clove oil. Supportive care and gastric lavage were sufficient for total recovery following the resultant severe acidosis, CNS depression and urinary abnormalities (the presence of ketones in the urine). The second case involves a near fatal poisoning of the acetaminophen (paracetamol) type after ingestion of 5-10 ml of clove oil by a 2-year-old boy. Acidosis, deteriorating liver function, deep coma, generalized seizure and unrecordably low blood glucose were all noted. Heparin (an anticoagulant) was given due to the possible development of disseminated intravascular coagulation. The child was fully conscious by day six and eventually made a full recovery. In the final case, a 15-month-old boy developed fulminant hepatic failure after ingesting 10ml clove oil. . . . a 32-year-old woman, who self-injected an unknown quantity of clove oil intravenously, experienced acute respiratory distress due to pulmonary edema which had developed over one hour."
Avoid contact with the eyes and other sensitive areas. Essential oils are both lipophilic and hydrophobic. Lipophilic means they are attracted to fat— like the membranes of your eyes and skin. They are also hydrophobic, meaning they do not like water. Applying a carrier oil will create another fat for the essential oil to be attracted to other than the membranes of the eyes or skin. Tisserand suggests: "With essential oils, fatty oil has been suggested as an appropriate first aid treatment, though the advantage of saline [eyewash] is that the eyes can be continually flushed, and this is less easy with fatty oil.” We are not aware of a case where essential oil in the eyes caused permanent injury or long-term discomfort, but if you feel concerned, please call your health care provider.
Purchon, Nerys; Cantele, Lora, Complete Aromatherapy and Essential Oils Handbook for Everyday Wellness, pages 51-52.
Tisserand, Robert; Young, Rodney, Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals, Elsevier Health Sciences UK 2nd Edition 2014, pages 254-256.
Wildwood, Chrissie, Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy, Bloomsbury Publishing, 1996, page 261-262.
Worwood, Valerie Ann, The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy, New World Library, 2016, 581-582.