Pelargonium x asperum
(Sometimes referred to as Pelargonium graveolens, but Robert Tisserand notes in his Complete Skin Series that graveolens is not correct.)
Plant Origin: Egypt
Method: Steam distilled leaves
Cultivation: Unsprayed (grown organically but not certified)
Chemical Family: Monoterpenols, Esters
Aroma: Intense, sweet, floral, herbaceous
Note (Evaporation Rate): Middle
Key Constituents from GC/MS Analysis: Lot# GRN-105
Citronellyl formate 8.82%
citronellyl propionate 0.92%
cis-rose oxide 0.91%
trans-rose oxide 0.39%
Medication? Contraindicated Orally: Antidepressants (CYP2B6 substrates), Diabetes
Geranium essential oil may support, aid, ease, soothe, reduce, calm, relax, promote and/or maintain healthy function of the following:
Female reproductive disorders
Insect deterrent (including ticks)
Lymphatic system support
Menstrual issues and PMS
Relaxing and uplifting
Skin care (daily, damaged, irritated)
Salvatore Battaglia writes in The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy: "Geranium oil may be a stimulant of the adrenal cortex, whose hormones are essentially regulating and balancing. This is why geranium oil is recommended for conditions where fluctuating hormones are a problem. In particular, geranium oil may be used to relieve premenstural tension and menopause." [Patricia Davis, Robert Tisserand, Julia Lawless]
In 2003 a preliminary study in The American Journal of Medicine (115:586-7) suggested that topical, undiluted Geranium essential oil is a superior and effective option for immediate relief from post-herpetic neuralgia (shingles). The more highly concentrated the oil, the better, with study participants reporting pain relief in direct proportion to the percentage of geranium oil present in their topical mixture. Capsaicin cream has also been shown to provide some relief, although it was outdone by the undiluted geranium oil in this study. Those using 100% Geranium essential oil had greater pain relief than those using 10% Geranium oil. The study noted that a few minor skin reactions occurred in those using Geranium oil, but all reactions resolved within one hour. Two other essential oils mentioned are Peppermint (Mentha piperita) and Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra).
PMS Defense: Essential oil of Geranium, Clary Sage and Orange
PMS Defense is applied just prior to the onset of the menstrual cycle (whenever the user normally begins to experience symptoms). The preferred formula is approximately 3 milliliters of each essential oil blended in 120 milliliters of carrier (2.5%).
(See Essential Oil Usage
for more information and a dilution chart
Topical: Dilute with a carrier oil, unscented lotion or unscented cream and apply on area of concern or as desired. Consider using a roll-on applicator for ease of application of prediluted oil. Tested at 20% dilution on 25 volunteers, Geranium was neither irritating nor sensitizing. Geranium is a nice oil to use in the bath.
Inhalation: Diffuse or use a personal Nasal Inhaler
Internal: Geranium is suitable for internal use within safe parameters if such use is deemed appropriate. We feel that internal use is rarely *needed* and should only be used with respect for how concentrated the oils are. HEO does not advocate internal use of essential oils without appropriate knowledge and understanding of how to administer, for what purpose, how much, which essential oils, safety concerns and so on. In our experience, essential oils are generally more effective used topically with proper dilution or inhaled. Kurt Schnaubelt Ph.D. notes that "French aromatherapy literature contains many references to using oils orally." He goes on to note that "generally 1 drop is always enough when ingesting essential oils." A potential toxicity hazard could occur when untrained people use essential oils orally and ingest too much. Keep in mind that while medical doctors or health care practitioners may prescribe essential oils for internal use, they are trained and experienced in the safe application of essential oils. It is not a matter of using "French" or "British" methods, it's a matter of experience and appropriate application.
Davis notes that Geranium is theoretically a good antiseptic for the mouth and throat and could be used in mouthwashes and gargles for sore throats, ulcers and gum infections, but in practice, many people find it distasteful so Myrrh and Thyme prove more useful and desirable.
Oral Caution: Diabetes medication and drugs metabolized by CYP2B6 (antidepressants).
Click here for information about internal usage.
Blends well with:
1 part Geranium
2 parts Bergamot
2 parts Lavender
1 part Geranium
1 part Neroli
2 parts Clary Sage
1 part Geranium
2 parts Lavender
The following anecdotal testimonies have not been reviewed by the FDA.
The products mentioned are not intended to diagnose, prevent, treat or cure disease.
Information shared on the HEO website is not intended to be a substitute for medical advice given by your trusted health care provider.
We believe that essential oils are provided by the Lord to support our health and well-being.
The Lord is our wisdom, protector and healer.
(Genesis 1:29-30, Ezekiel 47:12)
1. I found Geranium oil to be helpful in ridding me of some excess bloating in the liver/stomach
area...applying a few drops directly to those areas. It does have a diuretic
sort of action, so one has to use the bathroom a little more frequently for a few hours after application. - C.G.
2. I apply 2 drops of Geranium on my stomach and all the menstrual cramping pain
is gone as well as the heavy bleeding
. Geranium hits the mark for me!! I've started using Geranium as my daily deodorant and find that I can manage the stress
in my life much better. I'm no longer crabby
nor have any PMS symptoms
. - E.T.
3. I had several D and C's and was facing an imminent uterus removal. Geranium was the key essential oil that helped control the menstrual bleeding
. God brought essential oils into our life at our point of desperation and we are eternally grateful. I am now pregnant with our 5th child and very thankful. NOTE: I did get "overzealous" (way too many undiluted drops applied every hour) with applying Geranium EO at the beginning of our EO journey, and I experienced what I can only describe as a very sudden Liver/Gallbladder detox/purge. I felt REALLY horrible for 18 hours, but the bleeding stopped and I felt MUCH better in terms of overall health from then on (no headaches, bleeding began to get on a schedule instead of constant, etc.). I continued to use Geranium along with several other EOs for several months after until I became pregnant. I would now recommend that ANY woman having "womanly" issues consider a Liver detox (or Whole Body, but focus on the Liver) to "reset" her hormone issues. The process wasn't pleasant, but the results for me were WELL worth it. - Christy
4. Geranium has been such a blessing in my life. I am a 28 year old mother of 2, and I was at the point where my monthly periods were so excruciatingly painful
, and the flow so heavy and intense, that I was asking my doctor what my birth control options were to help manage the hormones. I was desperate for help to simply survive each monthly period so that I could actually get off the couch and take care of my kids - it was getting that bad. However, the thought of altering my body in that way made me extremely uncomfortable, and I'm so, so thankful that I tried Geranium instead! It has made my monthly flow remarkably lighter, and the pain is so much more bearable! It used to be completely debilitating, and now it is just a blip in my day. I do still use Ibuprofen like before, and sometimes a heating pad, but I am no longer in tears in my bed in the fetal position waiting and praying for it to be over. I am able to have a *normal* day! Praise the Lord! When I use it mid-month during ovulation, I have noticed a definite change in my moods and relief of my ovulation cramping. I praise God for this miraculous oil that kept me off of unnecessary hormone medication! - Jessica
5. For several weeks I have been using Palo Santo
and Geranium on my kids and dog when they go out to our tick-infested back yard
(we live in PA). In the few weeks we have used them, we've not seen a single tick, and other bugs stay away too. For myself and the children, I mix up two separate roll-on applicators - one with 10 drops Palo Santo and the other with 10 drops Geranium, and I fill the rest with fractionated coconut oil. I usually apply it onto their ankles, necks, wrists and elbows. When they come inside and I can no longer smell the oils, I reapply. This seems to do the trick! Prior to using the oils, I was picking ticks off of them nearly every time they went outside. For our dog, I use a drop of each undiluted between her shoulder blades. - Satin
6. For the past year or so my periods have been irregular and a little heavy
. I tried using YL's Progessence Plus to help regulate my hormones, but I found that I'd gain weight super easy when using that oil, even if my diet didn't change. I looked into trying Heritage's Geranium oil, and I am soooooo pleasantly surprised. This period was almost normal and relatively light, and I thoroughly enjoyed the smell of Geranium as well. I used Sunshine a little for perfume, and somehow I think that helped too. I'm anticipating better cycles ahead. - Kathryn
7. Geranium oil has been a great blessing in helping to balance out my hormones
. I place a drop or two of it on my wrists or abdomen/lower back for menstrual cramps and bloating as needed, and it works wonders at calming the anxiety of pms and cramps
at the start of my period. I have noticed over the last several months since using it that my cramps are lessening and my period is lighter and shorter than before. I also take it at night sometimes by itself and sometimes with Lavendar for a solid night of sleep. Grapefruit oil has also been helpful during pms to help curb the cravings, helps with bloating and digestion and helps to fight off fatigue that comes during that time. Sometimes I take a drop in water, and sometimes I will put a drop on my wrists. Thank you for your ministry of providing God's healing oils. I have been sharing my oil stories with others often and have directed many people your way to reap the same benefits. God bless!! - Jenn
8. I'm very impressed with Geranium for female issues
. I used it three days before my cycle, and it seemed to help with the emotional side of PMS
. It also seemed to help with the discomfort
that usually comes with the first day of menstruation for me. I diluted the oil with jojoba oil and put it in a roller ball container. I rolled it over my neck every once in a while throughout the day. - Susan
9. I put about 2 cups of water in a spray bottle and added about 20 drops Geranium essential oil. (Sometimes I experiment with a combination of oils that are good at repelling insects
that we like, including Eucalyptus, Cedarwood and Lemongrass, but I think the Geranium scent lasts the longest and seems to work well for ticks.) We shake the spray bottle before using and spray head to toe on clothes and skin (covering our eyes). I have also made a gel for skin by adding 20 drops or so of Geranium to a couple of ounces of Aloe Vera Gel. The spray gel has to be reapplied whenever the scent has faded. - Gian R.
10. I have used Geranium for a long time over my thyroid in order to balance hormones. I started using it because of hormonal influx creating dizziness/nausea etc. I stopped it for about 2 weeks in order to try something else, and by the end of the 2 weeks, I was feeling dizzy/nauseous again, but I didn't think about the Geranium. I assumed it was a flu bug or something. Then I rememebered it and used it again, and immediately the symptoms were gone. I will never go without my Geranium again!!! God bless and thank you HEO!! - Anne Marie
Oral caution: Diabetes medication and drugs metabolized by CYP2B6 (antidepressants).
Avoid contact with the eyes and other sensitive areas. Essential oils are both lipophilic and hydrophobic. Lipophilic means they are attracted to fat— like the membranes of your eyes and skin. They are also hydrophobic, meaning they do not like water. Applying a carrier oil will create another fat for the essential oil to be attracted to other than the membranes of the eyes or skin. Tisserand suggests: "With essential oils, fatty oil has been suggested as an appropriate first aid treatment, though the advantage of saline [eyewash] is that the eyes can be continually flushed, and this is less easy with fatty oil.” We are not aware of a case where essential oil in the eyes caused permanent injury or long-term discomfort, but if you feel concerned, please call your health care provider.
Battaglia, Salvatore, The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy, 2002, pages 206-207.
Davis, Patricia, Aromatherapy: An A-Z, 2nd edition, pages 130-131.
Lawless, J., The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils, 1992, pages 102-103.
Tisserand, Robert; Young, Rodney (2013-12-02). Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals, Elsevier Health Sciences UK 2nd Edition 2014, page 292-294.Wildwood, Chrissie, Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy, Bloomsbury Publishing, 1996, pages 46, 266. Worwood, Valerie Ann, The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy, New World Library, 2016, pages 590-591.