Distilled water, grain alcohol, Sanguinaria Root (Bloodroot) and Myrrh and pure, high-quality essential oils (see choices below)
The components of this formula are noted to have these attributes:
* Kill Plaque
* Prevent Gingivitis
* Natural Product
* Help maintain Healthy Teeth and Gums
* No Preservatives
* No Additives
* Taste is strong, but not unpleasant to most (can be further diluted by adding filtered water)
Hopewell Mouthwash is available "ready to use" (RTU) in 4 oz. glass bottles with pump or as a concentrate in a 4 oz. glass pourable bottle to which you add 6 oz. (3/4 cups) filtered or distilled water (non-chlorinated) for a total of 10 oz. mouthwash.
Breath Fresh [BF] blend: Peppermint, Birch, Spearmint
Plague Defense [PD] blend: Clove, Lemon, Cinnamon Bark, Eucalyptus Radiata, Rosemary (The name, Plague Defense refers to HEO's blend of oils. We realize this word is very similar to the word 'plaque,' which is what we want to avoid on teeth, but the similarity is merely coincidental.) The Plague Defense blend is formulated to help us avoid illness as one would want to avoid the "plague."
Suggested use: Swish in mouth after each meal for about 30 seconds, then discard. For tooth abscesses, hold mouthwash in mouth for several minutes every hour throughout the day.
The main cause of cavities is the buildup of plaque, which is a thin, transparent film on the surface of the teeth. Plaque contains bacteria, and when it is not removed, it hardens into tartar, which leads to cavities in teeth and gingivitis (inflammation) of the gums. For tooth abscesses, some have reported benefit to holding the mouthwash in mouth for several minutes every hour throughout the day.
The goal of dental hygiene is to prevent the buildup of plaque. Bloodroot (also called Sanguinaria root) is a proven plaque-killing herb, and is the active ingredient in Hopewell Mouthwash. The results of one study showed that Sanguinaria extract in oral rinse significantly decreased gingivitis. The United States' FDA has approved the inclusion of sanguinarine in toothpastes as an antibacterial or anti-plaque agent. We add myrrh because of it’s healing qualities for mouth sores.
One of our sons was in a serious car accident several years ago, and his mouth was injured severely! His tongue was severed, which by God's grace and mercy, was sewn back and is totally healed. But the teeth were damaged to the point of MAJOR medical attention. As he waits for this process to be complete, he suffers from time to time with horrible pain from infections. The Plague Defense Mouthwash is the ONLY product that has given him rest! The testimonies I could share with you are volumes!! I am so thankful for finding you through our round about way! May The Lord bless you and keep you, may The Lord make His face shine upon you and give you much peace. Shalom! - Jenny
1. Godowski KC (1989). "Antimicrobial action of sanguinarine". J Clin Dent 1 (4): 96–101. PMID 2700895.
2. Southard GL, Boulware RT, Walborn DR, Groznik WJ, Thorne EE, Yankell SL (March 1984). "Sanguinarine, a new antiplaque agent: retention andplaque specificity". J Am Dent Assoc 108 (3): 338–41. PMID 6585404.
3. How to Report Problems With Products Regulated by FDA
Kuftinec MM, Mueller-Joseph LJ, Kopczyk RA (1990). "Sanguinaria toothpaste and oral rinse regimen clinical efficacy in short- and long-term trials". J Can Dent Assoc 56 (7 Suppl): 31–3. PMID 2207852.
American Dental Association
AmDent Assoc. 2003 Mar;134(3):359-65. Erratum in: J Am Dent Assoc. 2003 May;134(5):558.?Comment in: J Am Dent Assoc. 2003 Jun;134(6):680; discussion 680.
The efficacy of an essential oil antiseptic mouth rinse vs. dental floss in controlling interproximal gingivitis: a comparative study.
Bauroth K, Charles CH, Mankodi SM, Simmons K, Zhao Q, Kumar LD.?Dental Products Testing, West Palm Beach, Fla, USA.
BACKGROUND: The use of dental floss has long been considered to be effective in controlling interproximal plaque and gingivitis. The authors compared this method with that of use of a mouth rinse.
METHODS: Subjects with mild-to-moderate gingivitis enrolled in a long-term, six-month study. They received a dental prophylaxis and were randomized into one of the three following treatment groups: brushing and rinsing with an essential oil-containing mouth rinse (the BEO group), brushing and flossing (the BF group) and brushing and rinsing with a control rinse (the B group).
RESULTS: A total of 326 subjects were evaluated. The BEO and BF had significantly lower (P < .001) mean interproximal Modified Gingival Index, or MGI, scores than did ?the B group at six months. The BEO group had lower mean interproximal Plaque Index, or PI, scores than the other two groups at both three and six months. The BF group's mean PI score was significantly lower than the B group's mean score at six months only. The magnitude of reductions for the BEO and the BF groups (vs. the B group) in MGI were 11.1 percent and 4.3 percent and for PI were 20.0 percent and 3.4 percent, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: In conjunction with professional care (prophylaxis) and tooth brushing over six months, rinsing twice daily with an essential oil-containing mouth rinse was at least as good as flossing daily in reducing interproximal plaque and gingivitis.
Clinical Implications. When weighing recommendations for oral hygiene home care, clinicians should consider that an essential oil-containing mouth rinse may be a useful adjunct in patients with gingival inflammation.
Publication Types: Clinical Trial Randomized Controlled Trial PMID: 12699051 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
The alcohol "extracts" the active constituents from the herbs (myrrh and blood root) and is also an excellent preservative. Alcohol has been used to make herbal preparations for hundreds, perhaps thousands, of years. Old texts describe steeping herbs in wine for long periods and then using the resultant liquid. Alcohol also provides an effective way to maximize the bioavailability of the actives constituents extracted from the plant.
"Results of a double blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study on children with chronic obstructed airways have been reported in the Industry News section of the Zeitschrift füür Phytotherapie. The therapeutic effects of alcoholic and alcohol-free extracts of Ivy leaves (Hedera helix) were compared. Spirometric testing showed a significant improvement in lung function for both products, which was superior to conventional bronchodilators. However, it was shown that the addition of alcohol to the preparation yielded an increase in bioavailability of active components, and the dose of the alcohol-free preparation needed to be adjusted to a higher level to obtain the same effect. The mode of action seems to be that alcohol acts to keep the active components in solution after ingestion, thus facilitating their absorption into the bloodstream."
Bone, Kerry, A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient, Elsevier Health Science, August 18, 2003, page 5.