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Allspice (Pimento Berry)
Allspice (Pimento Berry)
Allspice (Pimento Berry)
Pimenta dioica L.

Plant Origin: Jamaica
Method: Steam distilled from fruit/berry
Cultivation: Unsprayed (organically grown but not certified)
Chemical Family: Phenolic ether
Aroma: Warm/sweet, balsamic-spicy scent (clove-like), fruity with tea-like undertone
Note (Evaporation Rate): Middle
Key Constituents from GC/MS Analysis: Lot# ASP-102
eugenol 62.15%
methyleugenol 25.00%
trans-caryophyllene 3.32%
myrcene 2.62%
1,8-cineole 2.47%
Children? See Safety cautions below
Pregnancy/Breastfeeding? Suitalbe: See Safety cautions below

Medication/Health Condition?
Contraindicated Orally: Anticoagulant, Antidepressants (MAOI or SSRI), Diabetes, Diuretic medication; Childbirth, Major Surgery, Peptic Ulcer, Hemophilia 
Therapeutic Uses
Allspice essential oil may support, aid, ease, soothe, reduce, calm, relax, promote and/or maintain healthy function of the following: Acne 
Arthritis  
Bladder inflammation 
Bronchial infections 
Circulation 
Colds and coughs 
Colic 
Colon 
Digestion (nausea, gas, stomach cramps, vomiting) 
Fatigue 
Headache 
Immune 
Insect bites, stings 
Joint 
Leg cramps 
Muscle pain, strain, spasms 
Numbness 
Oral care (local numbing) 
Respiratory 
Sinus 
Tension 
Application Suggestions (See Essential Oil Usage for more information and a dilution chart.)

Topical: Dilute with a carrier oilunscented lotion or unscented cream and apply on area of concern or as desired. Consider using a roll-on applicator for ease of application of prediluted oil. According to Tisserand, Allspice "was neither irritant nor sensitizing when patch tested on a panel of 32 volunteers at 8%" dilution (48 drops to an ounce). He recommends a "dermal maximum of 0.15% for both leave on and rinse off products in order to avoid skin sensitization."

Inhalation: Diffuse or use a personal Nasal Inhaler

Internal: In Essential Oil Safety, Robert Tisserand (2013 edition, p. 393) writes regarding oral use of Pimento Berry/Allspice: "Should not be taken in oral doses."

Safety
Eugenol (a key constituent of Allspice) is a powerful inhibitor of platelet aggregation (Janssens et al 1990), an essential step in the blood clotting cascade. It should not be taken in oral doses (Tisserand page 392-393).

 

Potentially carcinogenic based on methyleugenol content. Methyleugenol is a rodent carcinogen when exposure is sufficiently high. 

May inhibit blood clotting; skin sensitization (moderate risk); mucous membrane irritation (moderate risk).

Medication/Health Condition?
Contraindicated orally: Anticoagulant, Antidepressants (MAOI or SSRI), Diabetes, Diuretic medication; Childbirth, Major Surgery, Peptic Ulcer, Hemophilia 

Avoid contact with the eyes and other sensitive areas. Essential oils are both lipophilic and hydrophobic. Lipophilic means they are attracted to fat— like the membranes of your eyes and skin. They are also hydrophobic, meaning they do not like water. Applying a carrier oil will create another fat for the essential oil to be attracted to other than the membranes of the eyes or skin. Tisserand suggests: "With essential oils, fatty oil has been suggested as an appropriate first aid treatment, though the advantage of saline [eyewash] is that the eyes can be continually flushed, and this is less easy with fatty oil.” We are not aware of a case where essential oil in the eyes caused permanent injury or long-term discomfort, but if you feel concerned, please call your health care provider. 

References:
 Price, Shirley and Len, Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, Third Edition, Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2008.
Purchon, Nerys; Cantele, Lora, Complete Aromatherapy and Essential Oils Handbook for Everyday Wellness, 2014, pages 97-97.
Tisserand, Robert, Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals, 2nd Edition 2014, page 392-393.
Worwood, Valerie Ann, The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy, New World Library, 2016, page 213-214. 
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