German Chamomile (also known as Blue Chamomile)
Plant Origin: Bulgaria
Method: Steam distilled flowers
Cultivation: Grown organically
Chemical Family: Oxides, Sesquiterpenes
Aroma: Sweet, fruity, coumarin-like, herbaceous
Key Constituents from GC/MS analysis: GCM-102
alpha bisabolol 54.72%
alpha bisabolol oxide B 6.73%
alpha bisabolol oxide A 4.30%
Children? German Chamomile is considered a suitable oil to use with children.
Pregnancy? No known cautions.
German Chamomile is brilliant blue, due to Chamazulene content. It is best suited for external purposes.
German Chamomile is inky blue with an intense aroma, which makes it most suitable to blend with other essential oils and carrier oils. It is a powerful antioxidant, antiturmoral, anti-inflammatory, relaxant, anesthetic, promotes digestion, liver and gallbladder health. Useful for hepatitis/fatty liver, arteriosclerosis, insomnia, nervous tension, arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, skin issues such as acne, eczema and scar tissue. Schnaubelt writes that German Chamomile is "one of the most anti-inflammative agents in aromatherapy. An overlooked quality is that it neutralizes toxic bacterial metabolic wastes, which are often the cause of fever during acute illnesses."
German Chamomile is considered one of the gentlest of essential oils and is particularly beneficial for treating children. It may be used to alleviate pain associated with teething. (Lawless and Schnaubelt)
Kurt Schnaubelt, Ph.D wrote in The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils (p. 133) that 1 drop in a glass of water can be taken in almost any amount to calm the stomach and may help with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Schnaubelt notes that German Chamomile's preferred mode of use is external and internal.
In Medical Aromatherapy, Schnaubelt writes: "German chamomile oil is one of the most reliable anti-inflammative agents in aromatherapy. An overlooked quality is that it neutralizes toxic bacterial metabolic wastes, which are often the cause of fever during acute illnesses. German chamomile is an oil with distinct effects on the physical plane. It calms gastritis and stomach ulcers. To get the described benefits, care should be taken to utilize the (-) alpha bisabolol chemotype, which may contain up to 30 percent of this compound."
Hopewell Essential Oil blends with German Chamomile
Regeneration for Bones and Joints
Application Suggestions (See Essential Oil Usage for more information and a dilution chart.)
Topical: Dilute with a carrier and apply as desired.
Internal: German Chamomile is suitable for internal use within safe parameters if such use is deemed appropriate. We feel that internal use is rarely *needed* and should only be used with respect for how concentrated the oils are. HEO does not advocate internal use of essential oils without appropriate knowledge and understanding of how to administer, for what purpose, how much, which essential oils, safety concerns and so on. In our experience, essential oils are generally more effective used topically with proper dilution or inhaled. Kurt Schnaubelt Ph.D. notes that "French aromatherapy literature contains many references to using oils orally." He goes on to note that "generally 1 drop is always enough when ingesting essential oils." A potential toxicity hazard could occur when untrained people use essential oils orally and ingest too much. Keep in mind that while medical doctors or health care practitioners may prescribe essential oils for internal use, they are trained and experienced in the safe application of essential oils. It is not a matter of using "French" or "British" methods, it's a matter of experience and appropriate application.
Kurt Schnaubelt, Ph.D wrote in The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils (p.133) that 1 drop in a glass of water can be taken in almost any amount to calm the stomach and may help with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease).
Click here for information about internal usage.
Drug Contraindications All Routes: Drugs metabolized by CYP2D6.
Drug Contraindications Oral: Drugs metabolized by CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP3A4.
Avoid contact with the eyes and other sensitive areas. Essential oils are both lipophilic and hydrophobic. Lipophilic means they are attracted to fat—like the membranes of your eyes and skin. They are also hydrophobic, meaning they do not like water. Flushing with water will only send the essential oil back to the eye's membranes. Applying a carrier oil will create another fat for the essential oil to be attracted to other than the membranes of the eyes or skin. We’ve not known this to cause permanent injury or long-term discomfort, but if you feel concerned, please call your health care provider.
Schnaubelt writes in The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils: "There are no known contraindications for German Chamomile. In rare cases, some individuals may have a reaction, generally a skin rash. This is also true of Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis). Allergic reactions to Chamomile are a disputed issue. If and when irritation claimed to have been caused by Chamomile is investigated more closely, it is invariably revealed that other factors are the cause of the irritation. This is made even more prevalent through the preponderance of industrially manipulated Chamomile oils!”
German Chamomile is prone to oxidation, and should be stored in air-tight containers and refrigerated if possible.
Battaglia, Salvatore, The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy, 2002, pages 179-182.
Lawless, Julia, The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils, 1992.
Schnaubelt, Kurt, The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils, 2111, page 167.
Schnaubelt, Kurt, Medical Aromatherapy, 1999, page 209.
Tisserand, Robert; Young, Rodney, Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals, Elsevier Health Sciences UK 2nd Edition 2014, page 243.