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Chamomile German
Chamomile German
German Chamomile (also known as Blue Chamomile)
Matricaria recutita

Plant Origin: Bulgaria
Method: Steam distilled flowers
Cultivation: Grown organically
Chemical Family: Oxides, Sesquiterpenes
Aroma: Sweet, fruity, coumarin-like, herbaceous
Note (Evaporation Rate): Middle
Key Constituents from GC/MS Analysis: Lot# GCM-104
alpha bisabolol 30.59%
alpha bisabolol oxide A 17.07%
trans-beta-farnesene 16.83%
alpha bisabolol oxide B 8.66%
bicyclogermacrene 2.09%
chamazulene 5.84%
Children? Suitable
Pregnancy/Breastfeeding? Suitable
Medication/Health Condition? Contraindicated All Routes: Drugs metabolized by CYP2D6 (Tamoxifen, antidepressants, pain medications). Contraindicated Orally: Drugs metabolized by CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP3A4. 
Therapeutic Uses
German Chamomile essential oil may support, aid, ease, soothe, reduce, calm, relax, promote and/or maintain healthy function of the following:
Carpal Tunnel 
Cold Sores 
Damaged skin (daily, dry, itchy, dermatitis,eczema, boils ) 
Digestion (poor appetite, colic, colitis, diarrhea, dyspepsia, indigestion, nausea, pain, peptic ulcer) 
Hepatitis, fatty liver 
Ingrown toe nails  
Insect bites and stings 
Menstrual Issues 
Migraine headaches 
Muscle soreness  
Nerve pain 
Nervous tension 
Skin issues 
Teething, babies 
Urinary Infections 

German Chamomile is a brilliant, inky blue color due to Chamazulene content. It is best suited for external purposes. The intense color and aroma make it most suitable to blend with other essential oils and carriers.

Aromatherapy Literature Notes
In Medical Aromatherapy, Schnaubelt writes: "German chamomile oil is one of the most reliable anti-inflammative agents in aromatherapy. An overlooked quality is that it neutralizes toxic bacterial metabolic wastes, which are often the cause of fever during acute illnesses. German chamomile is an oil with distinct effects on the physical plane. It calms gastritis and stomach ulcers. To get the described benefits, care should be taken to utilize the (-) alpha bisabolol chemotype, which may contain up to 30 percent of this compound."

German Chamomile is considered one of the gentlest of essential oils and is particularly beneficial for treating children. It may be used to alleviate pain associated with teething. (Lawless and Schnaubelt)

Bisabolol [top component of German Chamomile] has been shown to reduce the amount of proteolytic enzyme pepsin secreted by the stomach without any change occurring in the amount of stomach acid (Szelenyi ? Thiemer 1979); it has also shown anti-inflammatory action on granulomas, and shortens the healing time of cutaneous burns (Isaac 1979) (Price)

Application Suggestions (See Essential Oil Usage for more information and a dilution chart.)
Topical: Dilute with a carrier oilunscented lotion or unscented cream and apply on area of concern or as desired. Consider using a roll-on applicator for ease of application of prediluted oil.

Inhalation: Diffuse or use a personal Nasal Inhaler

Internal: German Chamomile is suitable for internal use within safe parameters if such use is deemed appropriate. We feel that internal use is rarely *needed* and should only be used with respect for how concentrated the oils are. HEO does not advocate internal use of essential oils without appropriate knowledge and understanding of how to administer, for what purpose, how much, which essential oils, safety concerns and so on. In our experience, essential oils are generally more effective used topically with proper dilution or inhaled. Kurt Schnaubelt Ph.D. notes that "French aromatherapy literature contains many references to using oils orally." He goes on to note that "generally 1 drop is always enough when ingesting essential oils." A potential toxicity hazard could occur when untrained people use essential oils orally and ingest too much. Keep in mind that while medical doctors or health care practitioners may prescribe essential oils for internal use, they are trained and experienced in the safe application of essential oils. It is not a matter of using "French" or "British" methods, it's a matter of experience and appropriate application.

Kurt Schnaubelt, Ph.D wrote in The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils (p.133) that 1 drop orally can be taken to calm the stomach and may help with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). 
Click here for information about internal usage.
Hopewell Essential Oil blends with German Chamomile
Drug Contraindications All Routes:
Drugs metabolized by CYP2D6 (antidepressants, Tamoxifen, pain medications).
Drug Contraindications Oral: Drugs metabolized by CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP3A4.

Avoid contact with the eyes and other sensitive areas. Essential oils are both lipophilic and hydrophobic. Lipophilic means they are attracted to fat— like the membranes of your eyes and skin. They are also hydrophobic, meaning they do not like water. Applying a carrier oil will create another fat for the essential oil to be attracted to other than the membranes of the eyes or skin. Tisserand suggests: "With essential oils, fatty oil has been suggested as an appropriate first aid treatment, though the advantage of saline [eyewash] is that the eyes can be continually flushed, and this is less easy with fatty oil.” We are not aware of a case where essential oil in the eyes caused permanent injury or long-term discomfort, but if you feel concerned, please call your health care provider. 

Schnaubelt writes in The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils: "There are no known contraindications for German Chamomile. In rare cases, some individuals may have a reaction, generally a skin rash. This is also true of Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis). Allergic reactions to Chamomile are a disputed issue. If and when irritation claimed to have been caused by Chamomile is investigated more closely, it is invariably revealed that other factors are the cause of the irritation. This is made even more prevalent through the preponderance of industrially manipulated Chamomile oils!”

German Chamomile is prone to oxidation, and should be stored in air-tight containers and refrigerated if possible.
Battaglia, Salvatore, The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy, 2002, pages 179-182.
Butje, Andrea, The Heart of Aromatherapy: An Easy-to-Use Guide for Essential Oils, Hay House Inc., 2017, 46-47.
Lawless, Julia, The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils, 1992.
Price, Shirley and Len, Aromatherapy for Health Professionals, Fourth Edition, Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2012.
Purchon, Nerys; Cantele, Lora, Complete Aromatherapy and Essential Oils Handbook for Everyday Wellness, 2014, page 46-47.
Schnaubelt, Kurt, The Healing Intelligence of Essential Oils, 2111, page 167.
Schnaubelt, Kurt, Medical Aromatherapy, 1999, page 209.
Tisserand, Robert; Young, Rodney, Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals, Elsevier Health Sciences UK 2nd Edition 2014, page 243.
Wildwood, Chrissie, Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy, Bloomsbury Publishing, 1996, page 259.
Worwood, Valerie Ann, The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy, New World Library, 2016, 577-578.